This paper was authored by Courtney Rutter, PhD, a researcher at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, Wisconsin Institute of Technology and the University of Pennsylvania cialis. This can be expanded beyond simple therapies to allow pillows, cell phones and computers to make embedded, real-life, pain-trainings that strengthen the brain. The goal may sound a little mafia-level, but one who created the system hopes that patients can have a similar experience with learning to increase the chance that a reward will be given them.
Co-author Richard Johnson, director of the Center for Human Addiction Research at the University of Portsmouth explains that the research can be even more useful for physicians. In the lab, for example, the researchers added a final option to the equation for participants that rewarded the least: consuming the reward instead of seeking it.
The U. S. Department of Defense, Joint Task Force on Pain and National Institute of Defense, and Defense Production Administration supported this research.